6 The Community Banker www.mibonline.org LEAVITT GROUP Featured Associate Member I am honored to be a featured associate member of the Montana Independent Bankers Association. As I have interacted with my clients in the Montana banking community, I was able to glean some insight into what might be of interest to you in an article. Health benefits are one of the most expensive line items for our Montana Community Banks. The industry changes rapidly and is affected by many factors, including the healthcare system, carrier decisions, new marketplace programs, legislation and many others. In this article, I will discuss national benchmarks, address how COVID-19 could affect health benefits in the future, and review several cost management strategies available to employers. Benchmarking: How do you compare? In a study done by The Kaiser Family Foundation last year, a firm in the finance industry pays an average total monthly premium of $587 for single coverage and $1,731 for family coverage. This single coverage is slightly lower than the average across all industries, which is $599 per month. The family coverage is a bit more than the cross-in- dustry average, which is $1,715 per month. Here are some statistics produced by the 2019 Zywave Benchmark- ing Survey: • Over 50% of employers contribute $5,000 or less toward employee-only premiums and $10,000 or less toward family premiums annually • 51% of employers have a fully insured plan • 42% of employers have a partially or fully self-funded plan • 97% of employers provide coverage for prescription drugs as part of their health care plan • 93% of employers offer dental benefits • 88% of employers offer basic life insurance — 93% of those employers pay the entire premium • 79% of employers offer AD&D coverage — 74% of those employers pay the entire premium • 70% offer short-term disability insurance — 54% of those employers pay the entire premium How will COVID-19 affect health care costs? Research shows there are two major drivers that will have the biggest impact on healthcare costs. First, the direct medical costs through the testing and treatment of COVID-19 patients. The virus has the capability to overwhelm hospital capacity, causing increased staffing needs, a required purchase of expensive medical equipment beyond the standard, and increased testing resources. The CARES Act allocated $100 billion in stimulus funds specifically for medical providers to offset lost revenue, but it is unclear at this time if that will cover what is needed. Second, the deferral of care for elective or non-emergency medical needs. It is likely that the pent-up demand for medical services will cause a significant increase in future costs, and this is where we an- ticipate the largest financial impact of COVID-19 to come from. These services will likely be scheduled in the future, and the biggest variable is when. Health insurance carriers make their assumptions on medical costs months in advance, and each carrier uses a different algorithm for calculation. These costs are then set based on those results for employers to see during renewals and quoting for their own health benefit plans. It is up to employers and their health insurance consul- tants to best navigate the resulting costs. There are plenty of options available to employers to adjust and be in the best possible position as the true cost impacts are revealed. Cost: Where do we go from here? Premiums have seen an increase across the benefits tiers. One major reason for higher premiums is simply the cost of prescription drugs. This is one of the largest challenges facing our community bank employers and families here in Montana. Policymakers have focused on evaluating rebate programs from manufactures to help encourage transparency. Insurance carriers work with pharmacy benefit managers (PBMs) to provide the best cost options available to its members. On a member level, individuals are encouraged to take advantage of any discount coupons and patient assistance programs and find lower-priced alternatives where possible to reduce cost.